Arthritis

Antalvisc
24th November 2017
HIV
24th November 2017

What is arthritis?

  • Arthritis means joint inflammation. It is often a chronic disease which can affect you over a long period of time. The most common forms of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis

Signs and Symptoms

  • Stiff joints when getting out of bed or after sitting for a long time
  • Recurring pain or tenderness in any joint
  • Swelling in one or more joints
  • Limited joint movement
  • Redness and warmth in a joint
  • Unexplained weight loss, fever or weakness with joint pain
  • Joint deformities

Osteoarthritis

  • Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis.
  • The cartilages break down allowing bones to rub together, causing pain and stiffness, although generally there is little or no inflammation.
  • Most often occurs in the weight-bearing joints-hips, knees, spine or hands.

Rheumatoid arthritis

  • In this condition, the lining of the joint becomes inflamed.
  • Commonly affected joints: fingers, wrists, shoulders, knees or feet.

Self-Care Measures

  • Exercise can help to maintain strength of the muscles and improve mobility of the affected joints. Choose exercises (e.g. swimming, Tai Chi) that do not strain your joints.
  • Heat and cold – Warm towels, hot/ice packs can provide temporary pain relief.
  • Distribute weight – use both arms to carry heavy objects, try not to sit /stand/lie in one position for too long
  • Weight reduction is necessary for obese individuals as it reduces the strain on your hips and knees

Medicines

  • Medicines can relieve symptoms, control pain, slow down damage to the joints and reduce disability.
  • Ask our doctor/ pharmacist on the medicines available to help you.

Supplements

  • Glucosamine and chondroitin – proven to be effective in relieving symptoms of osteoarthritis by stimulating the biosynthesis of the mucopolysaccharides (the essential components of the cartilage) and enhance the lubricant activity at the joint.
  • Omega-3 Fish Oil and Evening Primrose Oil – shown to have anti-inflammation properties that reduce inflammation of arthritis.
  • Vitamin C – slows the progression of the disease, reduces the risk of cartilage loss, and reduces the risk of developing knee pain.
  • Vitamin E, zinc and selenium may decrease free radical damage to the joints lining, which diminish swelling and pain.

Consult a pharmacist at Lovy Pharmacy when choosing a supplement for your condition.